Transition from Japanese GAAP to IFRS, adoption of IFRS 9 and IFRS 15, policies

Olympus Corporation – Quarterly report – 30 June 2017

Industry: manufacturing

(Basis of preparation) (extract 1)

(1) Statement of the condensed consolidated financial statements’ compliance with IFRS

The condensed consolidated financial statements of the Olympus Group have been prepared in accordance with IAS 34. Since the requirements for “Specified Company of Designated International Accounting Standards” set forth in Article 1-2 of the “Ordinance on Terminology, Forms, and Preparation Methods of Quarterly Consolidated Financial Statements” are satisfied, the Olympus Group adopts the provisions of Article 93 of the same Ordinance.

The Olympus Group first adopted IFRS from the first quarter of the fiscal year ending March 31, 2018 with the date of transition to IFRS on April 1, 2016. In the transition to IFRS, the Olympus Group has applied IFRS 1 “First-time Adoption of International Financial Reporting Standards” (hereinafter, “IFRS 1”). Effects of the transition to IFRS on the Olympus Group’s financial position, operating results and cash flows and applied exemptions under IFRS 1 are as provided in Note “First-time adoption.”

These condensed consolidated financial statements were approved by the Board of Directors meeting on August 8, 2017.

(Basis of preparation) (extract 2)

(4) Early adopted standards and interpretations

The Olympus Group has early adopted IFRS 9 “Financial Instruments” (revised in July 2014) (hereinafter, “IFRS 9”), IFRS 15 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers” (issued in May 2014) and “Clarifications to IFRS 15” (issued in April 2016) (hereinafter, “IFRS 15” collectively), from April 1, 2016.

(Significant accounting policies) (extracts)

(4) Financial instruments

The Olympus Group has early adopted IFRS 9.

1) Financial assets

(i) Initial recognition and measurement

The Olympus Group initially recognizes trade and other receivables on the day when they are incurred, and other financial assets at the transaction date when the Olympus Group becomes a party to the contract for the financial assets. At the initial recognition, financial assets are measured at fair value plus transaction expenses, except for those measured at fair value through profit or loss.

(ii) Classification and subsequent measurement

The Olympus Group classifies the financial assets at initial recognition as financial assets measured at amortized cost, financial assets measured at fair value through other comprehensive income or financial assets measured at fair value through profit or loss.

(Financial assets measured at amortized cost)

Financial assets are classified into financial assets measured at amortized cost, on the condition that they meet both of the following criteria:

  • Financial assets are held based on the business model to hold financial assets for the purpose of collecting contractual cash flows
  • Contractual terms associated with financial assets gives rise to cash flows on specified dates, consisting only of payment of the principal and interest on the principal balance

Financial assets measured at amortized cost are measured at amortized cost using the effective interest method subsequent to the initial recognition.

(Financial assets measured at fair value through other comprehensive income)

Equity instruments such as shares held mainly for the purpose of maintaining or strengthening business relationships with investees are designated at initial recognition as financial assets measured at fair value through other comprehensive income.

Any change in fair value of equity financial assets measured at fair value through other comprehensive income is recognized as other comprehensive income subsequent to the initial recognition. If such assets are derecognized or the fair value decreased significantly, accumulated other comprehensive income is directly transferred to retained earnings.

Dividends from such financial assets are recognized in profit or loss.

(Financial assets measured at fair value through profit or loss)

Financial assets other than above are classified as financial assets measured at fair value through profit or loss.

Changes in fair value of financial assets measured at fair value through profit or loss are recognized in profit or loss subsequent to the initial recognition.

(iii) Impairment of financial assets

For financial assets measured at amortized cost, the Olympus Group recognized allowance for doubtful accounts for expected credit losses.

The Olympus Group evaluates at the end of each reporting period whether there is a significant increase in credit risk of financial assets since initial recognition. When there is no significant increase in the credit risk since initial recognition, the amount equal to expected credit losses for 12 months are recognized as allowance for doubtful accounts. When there is a significant increase in credit risk since initial recognition, the amount equal to expected credit losses for the remaining life of the financial assets are recognized as allowance for doubtful accounts.

For trade receivables, contract assets and lease receivables, allowance for doubtful accounts are always recognized at the amount equal to expected credit losses for the remaining life of the assets.

With regard to financial assets on which impairment losses were previously recognized, when the amount of impairment losses decreased due to any event that occurred after the initial recognition of the impairment losses, the previously recognized impairment losses are reversed and recognized in profit or loss.

(iv) Derecognition

A financial asset is derecognized when the contractual rights to the cash flows from the financial asset expire or when the contractual rights to receive the cash flows from the financial asset are assigned and substantially all the risks and rewards of ownership are transferred.

2) Financial liabilities

(i) Initial recognition and measurement

The Olympus Group initially recognizes financial liabilities at the transaction date when the Olympus Group becomes a party to the contract for the financial liabilities. All financial liabilities are measured at fair value at initial recognition, whereas financial liabilities measured at amortized cost are measured at the amount less directly attributable transaction costs.

(ii) Classification and subsequent measurement

Financial liabilities are classified into financial liabilities measured at fair value through profit or loss or financial liabilities measured at amortized cost at initial recognition.

Changes in fair value of financial liabilities measured at fair value through profit or loss are recognized in profit or loss subsequent to the initial recognition.

Financial liabilities measured at amortized cost are measured at amortized cost subsequent to the initial recognition, by using the effective interest method. Amortization by the effective interest method, as well as gains and losses associated with the derecognition shall be recognized in profit or loss.

(iii) Derecognition

The Olympus Group derecognizes a financial liability when it is extinguished, namely when the obligation specified in the contract is discharged, cancelled or becomes invalid.

3) Offsetting financial instruments

Financial assets and liabilities are offset, with the net amount presented in the consolidated statements of financial position, only if the Olympus Group holds a legal right to set off the balance, and there is an intention to settle on a net basis or to realize the asset and settle the liability simultaneously.

4) Derivatives and hedge accounting

The Olympus Group uses derivatives such as forward exchange contracts and interest rate swaps, as hedging instruments against foreign exchange risk and interest rate risk. These derivatives are classified as financial assets measured at fair value through profit or loss and financial liabilities measured at fair value through profit or loss. Derivatives that meet criteria for hedge accounting are designated as hedging instruments, and hedge accounting is applied to the derivatives.

For the application of hedge accounting, the Olympus Group officially makes designation and prepares documentation at the inception of the hedge, regarding the hedging relationship as well as the risk management objectives and strategies. Such document contains hedging instruments, hedged items, the nature of the risks to be hedged and the method for evaluating the hedging effectiveness. The Olympus Group continually evaluates whether the hedging relationship is effective prospectively.

The Olympus Group applies cash flow hedges to interest rate-related derivative transactions that meet criteria for hedge accounting.

Of changes in fair value associated with hedging instruments in cash flow hedges, the effective portion is recognized in other comprehensive income, and recognized as other components of equity until the hedged transaction is executed and recognized in profit or loss. The ineffective portion is recognized in profit or loss.

The amount associated with hedging instruments recognized in other components of equity is transferred to profit or loss, at the point in time when the hedged transactions exerts impact on profit or loss. If a hedged item results in the recognition of a non-financial asset or a non-financial liability, the associated amount recognized in other components of equity is accounted for as adjustment to the initial book value of the non-financial asset or the non-financial liability.

When any forecast transaction is no longer expected to occur, hedge accounting is discontinued, and any related cumulative gain or loss that has been recognized as other components of equity is transferred to profit or loss. Even if hedge accounting was discontinued, the amount that had been recognized as other components of equity until hedge accounting was discontinued continues to be recognized in other components of equity until future cash flows occur when these future cash flows are expected to occur.

The Group does not use fair value hedges or net investment hedges in foreign operations.

(19) Revenue

The Group has early adopted IFRS 15.

With regard to contracts with customers, the Olympus Group recognizes revenue by applying the following steps (except for interest and dividend revenue, etc. under IFRS 9 and lease payments receivable under IAS 17 “Leases”).

Step 1: Identify the contract with the customer

Step 2: Identify the performance obligations in the contract

Step 3: Determine the transaction price

Step 4: Allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract

Step 5: Recognize revenue when (or as) the entity satisfies a performance obligation

The Olympus Group is principally engaged in the manufacture and sales of medical, scientific, imaging and other products. With regard to the sales of these products, the Olympus Group mainly recognizes revenue at the time of delivery of a product since in many cases, it considers that the customer obtains control over the product and performance obligations are satisfied at the time of delivery of the product.

Revenue is measured at the amount of promised consideration in contracts with customers less discounts, rebates, sales returns and others.

(First-time adoption)

The Olympus Group disclosed the condensed consolidated financial statements under IFRS for the first time from the first quarter of this fiscal year. The latest consolidated financial statements under Japanese GAAP are prepared for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017, and the IFRS transition date is April 1, 2016.

IFRS 1 stipulates that an entity adopting IFRS for the first time shall, in principle, apply the standards required under IFRS retrospectively to prior periods. However, IFRS 1 allows certain exemptions from the retrospective application and provides exceptions that prohibit retrospective application on a mandatory basis with respect to certain aspects required by IFRS. The Olympus Group has applied the following exemptions.

(1) Exemption under IFRS 1

1) Business combinations

IFRS 1 permits an entity not to apply IFRS 3 “Business Combinations” retrospectively to business combinations that occurred prior to the date of transition to IFRS. The Olympus Group elected to apply this exemption and, consequently, the amount of goodwill arising from business combinations before the date of transition is based on the book value as of the date of transition under Japanese GAAP. Further, the Olympus Group performed an impairment test on goodwill at the date of transition regardless of whether there was any indication that the goodwill may be impaired.

2) Transition differences of foreign operations

Under IFRS 1, an option is allowed whereby cumulative translation differences of foreign operations as at the date of transition to IFRS may be assumed to be nil. The Olympus Group has adopted the exception. 

3) Borrowing costs

IFRS 1 allows entities to commence capitalization of borrowing costs relating to qualifying assets at the date of transition to IFRS. The Olympus Group adopts this exemption. 

4) Designation of financial instruments recognized prior to date of transition

IFRS 1 allows entities to determine the classification under IFRS 9 based on facts and circumstances as of the date of transition, rather than facts and circumstances that exist at the time of initial recognition. In addition, IFRS 1 allows entities to designate equity financial assets as financial assets measured at fair value through other comprehensive income. The Olympus Group has applied this exemption and designated certain equity financial assets as financial assets measured at fair value through other comprehensive income.

(2) Mandatory exception under IFRS 1

IFRS 1 prohibits retrospective application of IFRS with respect to “estimates,” “derecognition of financial assets and financial liabilities,” “hedge accounting,” “non-controlling interest,” and “classification and measurement of financial assets.” Thus the Olympus Group applies IFRS to these items from the IFRS transition date and onwards. 

(3) Reconciliations

The reconciliations required to be disclosed at the first-time adoption of IFRS is as follows. In the reconciliations below, in principle, “Reclassification” includes items that do not affect retained earnings and comprehensive income, while “Differences in recognition and measurement” includes items that affect retained earnings and comprehensive income.

Reconciliation of equity

IFRS transition date (April 1, 2016)

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As of June 30, 2016

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As of March 31, 2017

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Notes on reconciliations of equity

1) Differences in recognition and measurement

A Leases

With regard to lease transactions as lessor, some of transactions classified as finance leases under Japanese GAAP are classified as operating leases under IFRS. Consequently, the relevant lease receivables have been reversed, and property, plant and equipment have been recognized.

In light of the above, retained earnings as of April 1, 2016 (IFRS transition date), June 30, 2016, and March 31, 2017 decreased by ¥11,934 million, ¥11,535 million, and ¥14,775 million, respectively.

B Depreciation of property, plant and equipment

With regard to depreciation of property, plant and equipment, the Olympus Group has reviewed estimates of useful lives and residual values in adopting IFRS. Consequently, the carrying amount of property, plant and equipment has decreased.

In light of the above, retained earnings as of April 1, 2016 (IFRS transition date), June 30, 2016, and March 31, 2017 decreased by ¥6,947 million, ¥7,582 million, and ¥8,361 million, respectively.

C Goodwill

Under Japanese GAAP, goodwill was amortized on a straight-line method over the reasonable number of years, not exceeding 20 years. However, under IFRS, amortization of goodwill on and after the date of transition was discontinued, and impairment test is performed in each period.

In light of the above, retained earnings as of June 30, 2016 and March 31, 2017 increased by ¥2,180 million and ¥8,639 million, respectively.

D Capitalization of development expenses

Expenditures for research and development were expensed under Japanese GAAP. However, under IFRS, since certain expenditures are eligible for capitalization, those expenses are recognized as intangible assets.

In light of the above, retained earnings as of April 1, 2016 (IFRS transition date), June 30, 2016, and March 31, 2017 increased by ¥18,598 million, ¥19,323 million, and ¥19,860 million, respectively.

E Deferred taxes

With respect to the tax effects arising from the elimination of intercompany unrealized gains, the deferral method was applied under Japanese GAAP, but the asset and liability approach has been employed under IFRS.

In addition, the Olympus Group has assessed the recoverability of deferred tax assets under IFRS.

In light of the above, retained earnings as of April 1, 2016 (IFRS transition date) increased by ¥3,143 million, and retained earnings as of June 30, 2016 and March 31, 2017 decreased by ¥110 million, and ¥19,856 million, respectively.

Because temporary differences arose in line with the reconciliation from Japanese GAAP to IFRS, the amounts of deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities have been adjusted. The effect of the adjustments on retained earnings is stated in each other item.

F Warranty

With respect to warranty, expenses expected to be incurred in the future were recognized as provisions under Japanese GAAP. However, under IFRS, warranty has been separated into quality assurance warranty and service warranty, the amount corresponding to quality assurance warranty has been recognized as provisions, and for the portion of service warranty where services have not been provided, revenue has been deferred and recognized other current liabilities.

In light of the above, retained earnings as of April 1, 2016 (IFRS transition date), June 30, 2016, and March 31, 2017 decreased by ¥1,364 million, ¥1,327 million, and ¥1,358 million, respectively.

G Accrued paid absences

Accrued paid absences were not recognized as liabilities under Japanese GAAP, but have been recognized as liabilities under IFRS.

In light of the above, retained earnings as of April 1, 2016 (IFRS transition date), June 30, 2016, and March 31, 2017 decreased by ¥4,260 million, ¥4,260 million, and ¥4,476 million, respectively.

H Post-employment benefits

Under Japanese GAAP, actuarial gains or losses and past service costs were recorded in net assets through other comprehensive income when they are incurred and were expensed on a straight-line method over a certain number of years not exceeding the average remaining service period of employees. Under IFRS, actuarial gains or losses have been recognized in other components of equity through other comprehensive income as incurred, and then immediately transferred to retained earnings. Past service costs have been fully recognized in profit or loss as incurred.

In light of the above, retained earnings as of April 1, 2016 (IFRS transition date), June 30, 2016, and March 31, 2017 decreased by ¥21,234 million, ¥19,642 million, and ¥20,132 million, respectively. 

I Resetting of foreign currency translation adjustments

The Olympus Group has chosen to apply the exemption set forth under IFRS 1, and transferred all cumulative exchange differences on translation of foreign operations as of the date of transition to IFRS to retained earnings.

In light of the above, retained earnings as of April 1, 2016 (IFRS transition date), June 30, 2016, and March 31, 2017 decreased by ¥8,686 million, respectively.

2) Reclassification

J Reclassification on condensed consolidated statement of financial position

Certain reclassifications have been made to conform to provisions under IFRS. The major reclassifications are as follows:

(a) Deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities are classified to non-current assets and non-current liabilities.

(b) Financial assets and financial liabilities are disclosed separately.

(c) Investments accounted for using equity method is disclosed separately.

(d) Non-current assets or disposal groups held for sale are disclosed separately.

Reconciliation of profit or loss and comprehensive income

Three months ended June 30, 2016

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Fiscal year ended March 31, 2017

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Notes on reconciliations of profit or loss and comprehensive income

1) Differences in recognition and measurement

A Leases

With regard to lease transactions as lessor, some of transactions classified as finance leases under Japanese GAAP are classified as operating leases under IFRS. Consequently, the relevant lease receivables have been reversed, and property, plant and equipment have been recognized. In addition, revenue and cost of sales have increased or decreased.

In light of the above, comprehensive income increased by ¥1,416 million for the three months of the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016, and decreased by ¥2,874 million for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017.

B Depreciation of property, plant and equipment

With regard to depreciation of property, plant and equipment, the Olympus Group has reviewed estimates of useful lives and residual values in adopting IFRS. Consequently, the carrying amount of property, plant and equipment has decreased. In addition, cost of sales and selling, general and administrative expenses have increased or decreased.

In light of the above, comprehensive income decreased by ¥126 million for the three months of the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016, and decreased by ¥1,490 million for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017.

C Goodwill

Under Japanese GAAP, goodwill was amortized on a straight-line method over the reasonable number of years, not exceeding 20 years. However, under IFRS, amortization of goodwill on and after the date of transition was discontinued, and impairment test is performed in each period.

In light of the above, comprehensive income increased by ¥2,065 million for the three months of the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016, and increased by ¥8,912 million for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017.

D Capitalization of development expenses

Expenditures for research and development were expensed under Japanese GAAP. However, under IFRS, since certain expenditures are eligible for capitalization, those expenses are recognized as intangible assets. In addition, cost of sales and selling, general and administrative expenses have increased or decreased.

In light of the above, comprehensive income increased by ¥310 million for the three months of the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016, and increased by ¥1,118 million for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017.

E Deferred taxes

With respect to the tax effects arising from the elimination of intercompany unrealized gains, the deferral method was applied under Japanese GAAP, but the asset and liability approach has been employed under IFRS.

In addition, the Olympus Group has assessed the recoverability of deferred tax assets under IFRS.

In light of the above, comprehensive income decreased by ¥3,105 million for the three months of the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016, and decreased by ¥22,823 million for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017.

Because temporary differences arose in line with the reconciliation from Japanese GAAP to IFRS, the amounts of deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities have been adjusted. The effect of the adjustments on retained earnings is stated in each other item.

F Post-employment benefits

Under Japanese GAAP, actuarial gains or losses and past service costs were recorded in net assets through other comprehensive income when they are incurred and were expensed on a straight-line method over a certain number of years not exceeding the average remaining service period of employees. Under IFRS, actuarial gains or losses have been recognized in other components of equity through other comprehensive income as incurred, and then immediately transferred to retained earnings. Past service costs have been fully recognized in profit or loss as incurred.

In light of the above, comprehensive income decreased by ¥3,076 million for the three months of the fiscal year ended June 30, 2016, and decreased by ¥3,000 million for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017.

G Financial instruments

Under Japanese GAAP, gain on sales of investment securities was recorded as extraordinary income. However, under IFRS, it is allowed to designate equity financial assets as financial assets measured at fair value through other comprehensive income, and gain on sales of equity financial assets that has been designated so is recognized as other comprehensive income.

2) Reclassification

H Reclassifications on the condensed consolidated statement of income

Certain rebates were presented in selling, general and administrative expenses under Japanese GAAP, but are presented as deduction from revenue under IFRS.

With regard to items that were presented in non-operating income, non-operating expenses, extraordinary income and extraordinary losses under Japanese GAAP, financial items have been presented in finance income or finance costs, and other items have been presented in share of profit (loss) of investments accounted for using equity method, other income or other expenses according to the nature of each item, under IFRS.

(4) Note on reconciliation of cash flows

Major differences between the consolidated statements of cash flows under Japanese GAAP and those under IFRS are principally due to the change of lease transactions as lessor and capitalization of expenditures for research and development. Accordingly, cash flows from operating activities have increased, and cash flows from investing activities have decreased.

 

 

 

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