Jaguar Land Rover Automotive plc – Annual report – 31 March 2022
Inventories are valued at the lower of cost and net realisable value. Costs of raw materials and consumables are ascertained on a first-in, first-out basis. Costs, including fixed and variable production overheads, are allocated to work-in-progress and finished goods, determined on a full absorption cost basis. Net realisable value is the estimated selling price in the ordinary course of business less estimated cost of completion and selling expenses.
Inventories include vehicles sold subject to repurchase arrangements. These vehicles are carried at cost to the Group and are amortised in changes in stocks and work-in-progress to their residual values (i.e. estimated second-hand sale value) over the term of the arrangement.
Inventories of finished goods include £361 million (2021: £406 million, 2020: £466 million) relating to vehicles sold to rental car companies, fleet customers and others with guaranteed repurchase arrangements.
Cost of inventories (comprising the cost of purchased products and the costs of conversion) recognised as an expense during the year amounted to £12,499 million (2021: £13,917 million, 2020: £16,902 million), including material and other cost of sales, employee costs, depreciation and production overheads recognised within other expenses.
During the year, the Group recorded an inventory write-down expense of £11 million (2021: £16 million, 2020: £28 million). The write-down is included in “Material and other cost of sales”.
Inventories pledged as collateral against borrowings are disclosed in note 25.
25 Interest-bearing loans and borrowings (extract)
Collateral pledged against borrowings
Inventory of £nil (2021: £138 million, 2020: £127 million), trade receivables with a carrying amount of £nil (2021: £19 million, 2020: £nil) and other financial assets with a carrying of £13 million (2021: £13 million, 2020: £nil) are pledged as collateral/security against borrowings.