IAS 41, certain disclosures of assumptions for poultry, sugar cane and bananas, level 3 valuations

RCL Foods Limited – Annual report – 28 June 2020

Industry: agriculture

Accounting policies (extract)

Biological assets

The fair value of the biological assets is determined on the following basis:

Consumable biological assets, comprising standing sugarcane, litchi fruit and bananas, are measured at their fair value, determined on current estimated market prices less estimated harvesting, transport, packing and point-of-sale costs;

  • Standing cane is valued at estimated sucrose content, age and market price.
  • Growing fruit is valued at estimated yield, quality standard, age and market price.

The sugarcane roots, litchi trees and banana plants are bearer plants and are therefore presented and accounted for as property, plant and equipment. However, the standing cane and fruit growing on the plants are accounted for as biological assets until the point of harvest. Sugarcane, litchi fruit and bananas are transferred to inventory at fair value less costs to sell when harvested. Changes in fair value of sugarcane, litchi fruit and bananas are recognised in the statement of profit or loss.

Live broiler birds and breeding stock are measured at fair value less estimated point-of-sale costs at reporting dates. Fair value is determined based on market prices.

The fair values of biological assets are level 3 fair values as defined in note 29 of the consolidated financial statements.

Breeding stock includes the Cobb grandparent breeding and the parent rearing and laying operations. Broiler hatching eggs are included in breeding stock.

Gains and losses arising on the initial recognition of biological assets at fair value less estimated point-of-sale costs, and from a change in fair value less estimated point-of-sale costs, are recognised in the income statement in the period in which they arise.

Critical accounting judgements and key sources of estimation uncertainty (extract)

The key assumptions used in the calculation of the fair value of chicken, banana and sugarcane stock and a sensitivity analysis are disclosed in note 29 of the consolidated financial statements.

8. Biological assets

The financial risk management disclosures relating to the fair value estimation of the Group’s biological assets is included in note 29 of the consolidated financial statements.

The fair value estimation of the Group’s biological assets was not materially impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic.

29. Financial risk management (extract)

Fair value estimation

IFRS 13 Fair Value Measurement requires disclosure of fair value measurements by level of the following fair value measurement hierarchy:

  • Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities (level 1).
  • Inputs other than quoted prices included within level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly (that is, as prices) or indirectly (that is, derived from prices) (level 2).
  • Inputs for the asset or liability that are not based on observable market data (that is, unobservable inputs) (level 3).

The following table presents the Group’s assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value at June.

The fair value of trading derivatives is determined using valuation techniques. These valuation techniques maximise the use of observable market data where it is available and rely as little as possible on entity-specific estimates.

Specific valuation techniques used to value the derivatives include:

  • The fair value of forward foreign exchange contracts is determined using forward exchange rates at the statement of financial position date with the resulting value discounted back to present value.
  • The fair value of options are determined using appropriate option pricing models which take into account the volatility of the underlying instrument.

The following valuation techniques and significant inputs were used to measure the level 3 inputs. These techniques are consistent with those of the prior year.