SNC-Lavalin Group Inc. – Annual report – 31 December 2017
- SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (extract)
F) STANDARDS, AMENDMENTS AND INTERPRETATION ISSUED TO BE ADOPTED AT A LATER DATE (extract 1)
The following standards, amendments to standards and an interpretation have been issued and are applicable to the Company for its annual periods beginning on January 1, 2018 and thereafter, with an earlier application permitted:
- IFRS 9, Financial Instruments, (“IFRS 9”) covers mainly: i) the classification and measurement of financial assets and financial liabilities; ii) the new impairment model for the recognition of expected credit losses; and iii) the new hedge accounting model. Refer to considerations for the implementation of IFRS 9 and IFRS 15 below for more information.
- IFRS 15, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, (“IFRS 15”) outlines a single comprehensive model for entities to use in accounting for revenue arising from contracts with customers. It will supersede current revenue recognition guidance including IAS 18, Revenue, IAS 11, Construction Contracts, and related Interpretations. Refer to considerations for the implementation of IFRS 9 and IFRS 15 below for more information.
- Amendments to IFRS 15 clarify how to: i) identify a performance obligation in a contract; ii) determine whether a company is a principal or an agent; and iii) determine whether the revenue from granting a license should be recognized at a point in time or over time. In addition, the amendments to IFRS 15 include two additional transition reliefs.
F) STANDARDS, AMENDMENTS AND INTERPRETATION ISSUED TO BE ADOPTED AT A LATER DATE (extract 2)
Considerations for the implementation of IFRS 9 and IFRS 15 (extract)
IFRS 15 introduces a 5-step model to revenue recognition on contracts with customers. Such model requires to: 1) identify the contract with the customer; 2) identify the performance obligations related to that contract; 3) determine the transaction price of the contract; 4) allocate such transaction price between the performance obligations; and 5) recognize revenue when (or as) performance obligation is satisfied. In addition to recognition and measurement, IFRS 15 also provides new requirements on presentation and disclosures.
IFRS 15 can be applied using one of the following two methods: retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented in accordance with IAS 8, Accounting Policies, Changes in Accounting Estimates and Errors, or retrospectively with the cumulative effect of initially applying IFRS 15 recognized in opening retained earnings at the date of initial application (the “modified retrospective method”). The Company decided to adopt IFRS 15 using the modified retrospective method, with recognition of transitional adjustments in retained earnings on the date of initial application (January 1, 2018), without restatement of comparative figures.
IFRS 15 provides for certain optional practical expedients, including upon the initial adoption of the standard. The Company intends to apply the following practical expedients upon adoption of IFRS 15 on January 1, 2018:
Quantification of impact
The Company is currently finalizing the quantification of the impact of IFRS 15 on its consolidated financial statements. Although the Company has made progress in the implementation of IFRS 15 on its consolidated financial statements, the amounts disclosed below represent estimated impacts and actual results may differ from these estimates. As such, the following items represent the significant impact areas for the Company on transition to IFRS 15:
Change orders and claims
Change orders and claims, referred to as contract modifications, are currently recognized as per guidance provided in IAS 11, Construction Contracts (“IAS 11”). Under such guidance, revenue can be recognized on contract modifications only when certain conditions are met, including the fact that it is probable the customer will approve the modification and the amount of revenue arising from such contract modifications. IFRS 15 also provides guidance on the recognition of revenue from contract modifications, but such guidance is based, among other factors, on the fact that the contract modification is approved and it is highly probable that a significant reversal in the amount of cumulative revenue recognized on such contract modifications will not occur when the uncertainty is subsequently resolved. Given the higher level of probability to be applied under IFRS 15, some revenue recognized under IAS 11 is expected to be reversed as at January 1, 2018 (reversal of approximately $200 million after taxes to be reflected in the Company’s opening retained earnings). Revenue from these contract modifications will be recognized when, and if, IFRS 15 guidance is met.
Measure of anticipated revenues and determination of progress
Under IFRS 15, the amount of anticipated revenue used when determining the amount of revenue to be recognized must be based on contracts with legally enforceable rights and obligations. As a result, certain contracts under which the Company anticipates some volume of work based on discussions with the customer or other indicators, but for which formal purchase orders or work orders need to be issued by the customer in order to formalize the exact scope of work, are being assessed to determine when the anticipated revenue should be included in the transaction price.
The Company estimates that the adoption of IFRS 15 for such contracts will result in a decrease of approximately $100 million after taxes in the Company’s 2018 opening retained earnings.
Furthermore, for projects having revenue recognized based on the stage of completion method using a cost input method, the Company currently accounts for its assurance-type warranty costs the same way as other project costs. As a result, the Company does not carry a provision for such expected warranty costs. Rather, it recognizes such costs as they are incurred, which in turn contribute to the progress of the project based on the stage of completion method and, as such, generates revenue.
Under IFRS 15, these assurance-type warranty costs are to be excluded from the measure of progress of projects for which revenue is recognized over time using a cost input method. Such costs will rather be recognized as a provision in accordance with IAS 37, Provisions, Contingent Liabilities and Contingent Assets, based on the advancement of the projects, and the provision recognized will then either be used when costs are incurred or reversed if it is no longer needed.
In addition to these warranty-related costs, the Company reviewed its other project costs on contracts for which revenue is recognized over time to determine if each of these costs is contributing to the transfer of control of the goods or services to the customer. The exclusion of certain project costs from the determination of progress will either increase or decrease revenue being recognized on a project, without any impact on the total revenue and costs to be recognized over the life of the project. While the Company expects to increase its warranty provision as at January 1, 2018, no significant impact on its 2018 opening retained earnings is expected from the revised determination of progress.
Presentation and disclosures
In accordance with IFRS 15, the Company will change its presentation of contract-related assets and liabilities. As such, the Company will present its contract balances, on a contract-by-contract basis, in a net contract asset or liability position, separately from its accounts receivable. Contract assets and accounts receivable are both rights to consideration in exchange for goods or services that the Company has transferred to a customer, however the classification depends on whether such right is only conditional on the passage of time (accounts receivable) or if it is also conditional on something else (contract assets), such as the satisfaction of further performance obligations under the contract. A contract liability is the amount received by the Company that exceeds the right to consideration resulting from the Company’s performance under a given contract.
As previously mentioned, the Company will adopt IFRS 15 using the modified retrospective method, without restatement of the comparative figures. In addition to the new disclosure requirements under IFRS 15, the Company will also disclose the amount by which each financial statement line item is affected in the reporting period by the application of IFRS 15 as compared with the previous standards, as well as an explanation of the reasons for significant changes identified in IFRS 15.
Procedures and controls
The Company has updated and is finalizing the implementation of revised procedures and controls in order to meet the requirements of IFRS 15, notably the recording of the transition adjustment and the change in presentation to be reported in the Company’s unaudited consolidated financial statements for the three-month period ended March 31, 2018, as well as additional disclosures to be provided in the Company’s 2018 audited annual consolidated financial statements.