Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. – Annual report – 31 December 2017
- Financial Risk Management (extract)
(F) Fair value estimation (extract)
(2) Fair value hierarchy classifications of the financial instruments that are measured at fair value or its fair value is disclosed as at December 31, 2017 and 2016 are as follows:
The levels of the fair value hierarchy and its application to financial assets and liabilities are described below.
ㆍ Level 1: Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities
ㆍ Level 2: Inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly
ㆍ Level 3: Inputs for the asset or liability that are not based on observable market data (that is, unobservable inputs)
The fair value of financial instruments traded in active markets is based on quoted market prices at the statement of financial position date. A market is regarded as active if quoted prices are readily and regularly available from an exchange, dealer, broker, industry group, pricing service, or regulatory agency, and those prices represent actual and regularly occurring market transactions on an arm’s length basis. The quoted market price used for financial assets held by the Company is the current bid price. These instruments are included in Level 1. Instruments included in Level 1 are listed equity investments classified as trading securities or available-for-sale financial assets.
The fair value of financial instruments that are not traded in an active market (for example, over-the-counter derivatives) is determined by using valuation techniques. These valuation techniques maximize the use of observable market data where it is available and rely as little as possible on entity specific estimates. If all significant inputs required to fair value an instrument are observable, the instrument is included in Level 2.
If one or more of the significant inputs are not based on observable market data, the instrument is included in Level 3.
The Company performs the fair value measurements required for financial reporting purposes, including Level 3 fair values and discusses valuation processes and results at least once every quarter in line with the Company’s quarterly reporting dates. The Company’s policy is to recognize transfers between levels at the end of the reporting period, if corresponding events or changes in circumstances have occurred.
Specific valuation techniques used to value financial instruments include:
- Quoted market prices or dealer quotes for similar instruments
- The fair value of derivatives is determined using forward exchange rates at the statement of financial position date, with the resulting value discounted back to present value
Other techniques, such as discounted cash flow analysis, are used to determine fair value for the remaining financial instruments. For trade and other receivables, the carrying amount approximates a reasonable estimate of fair value.
(3) Valuation technique and the inputs
The Company utilizes a present value technique to discount future cash flows using a proper interest rate for corporate bonds, government and public bonds, and bank debentures that are classified as Level 2 in the fair value hierarchy.
The following table presents the valuation technique and the inputs used for major financial instruments classified as Level 3.
(4) Changes in Level 3 instruments:
(5) Sensitivity analysis for recurring fair value measurements categorized within Level 3
Sensitivity analysis of financial instruments is performed to measure favorable and unfavorable changes in the fair value of financial instruments which are affected by unobservable parameters, using a statistical technique. When the fair value is affected by more than two input parameters, the amounts represent the most favorable or most unfavourable.
The results of the sensitivity analysis for the effect on profit or loss (before tax amount for other comprehensive income or loss) from changes in inputs for major financial instruments which are categorized within Level 3 and subject to sensitivity analysis, are as follows:
1 For equity securities, changes in fair value are calculated with the correlation among growth rate (-1%~1%), volatility (26.5%~32.5%) and discount rate, which are significant unobservable inputs.
2 The fair value of other payables is calculated by increasing or decreasing the discount rate by 10%, which is the significant unobservable input.