Alfa Laval AB (publ.) – Annual report – 31 December 2017
Note 15. Current and deferred taxes (extract 1)
The difference between the tax costs of the group and the tax cost based upon applicable tax rates can be explained as follows:
Note 15. Current and deferred taxes (extract 2)
The nominal tax rate has changed in the following countries between 2016 and 2017 or will change during 2018.
The tax rates for 2017 and 2016 have been used to calculate the actual tax each year, while the tax rates for 2018 and 2017 have been used to calculate the deferred tax for 2017 and 2016 respectively.
The Group’s normal effective tax rate is approximately 26 (28) percent based on taxable result, and it is calculated as a weighted average based on each subsidiary’s part of the result before tax. One-time items like the ones mentioned below can however increase the tax rate for an individual year.
The above table presents the earnings before tax and received dividends, the tax cost and the tax percentage per country for the top ten countries separately and the others grouped under profit generating and loss-making respectively and the consolidation entries in order to arrive at the total. The local results include appropriations. The reason why the result is before received dividends is that these mostly are non-taxable. The top ten countries are defined as the ten countries with the highest tax cost in 2017. The comparison figures 2016 are for these ten countries, although they might not have been among the ten countries with highest tax cost also in 2016.
Observe that individual companies in the top ten countries and in the group with a positive result can report losses. The group with losses can contain individual companies with profits. Also observe that the presented result is without correction for any non-deductible costs and non-taxable revenues outside received tax free dividends. The tax percentage for South Korea in 2017 and Denmark in 2016 has been affected by one-time items in connection with tax disputes with another country. The tax percentage for India in 2017 has been affected by a dividend distribution tax of SEK -100 million. The tax percentage for Norway in 2017 has been affected by a non-recurring item of SEK -113 million concerning additional tax relating to prior years concerning acquired businesses according to a settlement with the former owners.
Companies with losses in countries without tax pooling might have unused tax losses that have not resulted in a corresponding deferred tax asset, since these are not likely to be used. The lack of such a deferred tax income in these cases has an impact on the tax percentage in the concerned countries.