Diageo plc – Annual report – 30 June 2022
Industry: food and drink
Accounting information and policies (extract)
(f) Hyperinflationary accounting
The group applied hyperinflationary accounting for its operations in Turkey, Venezuela and Lebanon.
In March 2022, the three-year cumulative inflation in Turkey exceeded 100% and as a result, hyperinflationary accounting was applied for the year ended 30 June 2022 in respect of the group’s operations in Turkey. The group’s consolidated financial statements include the results and financial position of its Turkish operations restated to the measuring unit current at the end of the period, with hyperinflationary gains and losses in respect of monetary items being reported in finance charges. Comparative amounts presented in the consolidated financial statements were not restated. Hyperinflationary accounting needs to be applied as if Turkey has always been a hyperinflationary economy, hence, as per Diageo’s accounting policy choice, the differences between equity at 30 June 2021 as reported and the equity after the restatement of the non-monetary items to the measuring unit current at 30 June 2021 were recognised in retained earnings. Such restatement includes impairment of TRL 2,133 million (£177 million) recognised on the goodwill in the Turkey cash-generating unit and TRL 1,627 million (£135 million) in respect of the Yenì Raki brand, as a result of the increased carrying values for those due to hyperinflation adjustments.
When applying IAS 29 on an ongoing basis, comparatives in stable currency are not restated and the effect of inflating opening balances to the measuring unit current at the end of the reporting period is presented in other comprehensive income.
The inflation rate used by the group is the official rate published by the Turkish Statistical Institute, TurkStat. The movement in the publicly available official price index for the year ended 30 June 2022 was 79% (2021 – 18%).
Venezuela is a hyperinflationary economy where the government maintains a regime of strict currency controls with multiple foreign currency rate systems. The exchange rate used to translate the results of the group’s Venezuelan operations was VES/£ 759 for the year ended 30 June 2022 (2021 – VES/£ 237). These rates reflect management’s estimate of the exchange rate considering inflation and the most appropriate official exchange rate. Movement in the price index for the year ended 30 June 2022 was 268% (2021 – 1,991%).The inflation rate used by the group is provided by an independent valuer because no reliable, officially published rate is available for Venezuela.
The following table presents the contribution of the group’s Venezuelan operations to the consolidated income statement, cash flow statement and net assets for the year ended 30 June 2022 and 30 June 2021 and with the amounts that would have resulted if the official reference exchange rate had been applied:
1) Prior year rates have been restated to reflect the Central Bank of Venezuela’s decision to cut six zeros from the bolivar currency from 1 October 2021.
Sterling amounts presented at the official reference exchange rate are results of simple mathematical conversion.
The impact of hyperinflationary accounting for Lebanon was immaterial both in the current and comparative periods.
5. Finance income and charges
Net interest includes interest income and charges in respect of financial instruments and the results of hedging transactions used to manage interest rate risk.
Finance charges directly attributable to the acquisition, construction or production of a qualifying asset, being an asset that necessarily takes a substantial period of time to get ready for its intended use or sale, are added to the cost of that asset. Borrowing costs which are not capitalised are recognised in the income statement based on the effective interest method. All other finance charges are recognised primarily in the income statement in the year in which they are incurred.
Net other finance charges include items in respect of post employment plans, the discount unwind of long-term obligations and hyperinflation charges. The results of operations in hyperinflationary economies are adjusted to reflect the changes in the purchasing power of the local currency of the entity before being translated to sterling.
The impact of derivatives, excluding cash flow hedges that are in respect of commodity price risk management or those that are used to hedge the currency risk of highly probable future currency cash flows, is included in interest income or interest charge.
(1) Includes £27 million interest income and £(417) million interest charge in respect of financial assets and liabilities that are not measured at fair value through income statement (2021 – £28 million income and £(429) million charge; 2020 – £46 million income and £(471) million charge).