Revenue recognition policies, general and by segment, mining, energy, chemicals, exchanges

Sasol Limited – Annual report – 30 June 2021

Industry: oil and gas, mining

1 Derived from Mining segment.

2 Derived from Fuels segment.

3 Derived from Gas segment.

4 Approximately 37% (2020 – 29%; 2019 – 28%) of revenue from advanced materials is derived from Chemicals Africa while 52% (2020 – 56%; 2019 – 57%) is derived from Chemicals Eurasia and the remaining revenue is derived from Chemicals America.

5 Approximately 59% (2020 – 59%; 2019 – 74%) of revenue from base chemicals is derived from Chemicals Africa while 33% (2020 – 29%; 2019 – 18%) is derived from Chemicals America and the remaining revenue is derived from Chemicals Eurasia.

6 Approximately 70% of revenue from essential care products is derived from Chemicals Eurasia and approximately 30% is derived from Chemicals America for all three years presented.

7 Approximately 70% of revenue from performance solutions is derived from Chemicals Eurasia and approximately 15% from Chemicals America and Chemicals Africa each for all three years presented.

8 Relates to the Fuels segment and includes franchise rentals, use of fuel tanks and fuel storage.

9 Relates to the Gas and Fuels segments.

The disaggregation of revenue was updated in the current year and comparatives have been restated – refer to note 1.

Accounting policies:

Revenue from contracts with customers is recognised when the control of goods or services has transferred to the customer through the satisfaction of a performance obligation. Group performance obligations are satisfied at a point in time and over time, however the group mainly satisfies its performance obligations at a point in time. For further information on revenue recognition, refer to Segment information on pages 58 to 59.

Revenue recognised reflects the consideration that the group expects to be entitled to for each distinct performance obligation after deducting indirect taxes, rebates and trade discounts and consists primarily of the sale of fuels, oil, natural gas and chemical products, services rendered, license fees and royalties. The group allocates revenue based on stand-alone selling prices.

The group enters into exchange agreements with the same counterparties for the purchase and sale of inventory that are entered into in contemplation of one another. When the items exchanged are similar in nature, these transactions are combined and accounted for as a single exchange transaction. The exchange is recognised at the carrying amount of the inventory transferred.

Revenue from arrangements that are not considered contracts with customers, mainly pertaining to franchise rentals, use of fuel tanks and fuel storage, is presented as revenue from other contracts.

The period between the transfer of the goods and services to the customer and the payment by the customer does not exceed 12 months and the group does not adjust for time value of money.

SEGMENT INFORMATION (extract)

REPORTING SEGMENTS

The group’s operating model comprises of two distinct businesses, Energy and Chemicals. The Energy Business manages the marketing and sales of all fuel, coal, gas and oil products in Southern Africa. The Chemicals Business includes the marketing and sales of all chemical products in Africa, America and Eurasia. The operating model structure reflects how the results are reported to the Chief Operating Decision Maker (CODM). The CODM for Sasol is the President and Chief Executive Officer. The Energy Business reportable segments are operating segments that are differentiated by the activities that each undertakes and the products they manufacture and market. The Chemicals Business reportable segments are differentiated by the regions in which they operate. The group has six main reportable segments that reflect the structure used by the President and Chief Executive Officer to make key operating decisions and assess performance. The group evaluates the performance of its reportable segments based on earnings before interest and tax (EBIT).

Energy Business

The Energy Business operates integrated value chains with feedstock sourced from the Mining and Gas operating segments and processed at our operations in Secunda, Sasolburg and Natref. There are also associated assets outside South Africa which include the Pande-Temane Petroleum Production Agreement (PPA) in Mozambique and ORYX GTL (gas to liquids) in Qatar.

Mining

Mining is responsible for securing coal feedstock for the Southern African value chain, mainly for gasification, but also to generate electricity and steam. Coal is sold for gasification and utility purposes to Secunda Operations, for utility purposes to Sasolburg Operations and to third parties in the export market. Coal is supplied to Secunda Operations on arms-length terms and to Sasolburg operations based on a long-term supply contract with inflation linked escalation. The price of export coal is based on the Free on Board Richards Bay index.

The date of delivery related to Mining is determined in accordance with the contractual agreements entered into with customers. These are summarised as follows:

Gas

The Gas segment reflects the upstream feedstock, transport of gas through the ROMPCO pipeline, and external natural and methane rich gas sales.

Mozambican gas is sold under long-term contracts to both the Secunda and Sasol operations and to external customers. Condensate is sold on short-term contracts. In South Africa, gas is sold under long-term contracts at a price determinable from the supply agreements in accordance with the pricing methodology used by the National Energy Regulator of South Africa (NERSA). Analysis of gas and tests of the specifications and content are performed prior to delivery. Canadian gas is sold into the market at spot prices. Turnover from all gas sales is recognised on delivery.

Fuels

The Fuels segment comprises the sales and marketing of liquid fuels produced in South Africa. Sasol supplies approximately 40% of South Africa’s domestic fuel need through retail and wholesale channels. Liquid fuels are blended from fuel components produced by the Secunda Operations, crude oil refined at Natref, as well as some products purchased from other refiners. Liquid fuel products are sold under both short- and long-term agreements for both retail sales and commercial sales, including sales to other oil companies.

Liquid fuel prices are mainly driven by the Basic Fuel Price (BFP). Sales through wholesale is at BFP plus costs such as transportation and storage. For commercial sales and sales to other oil companies, the prices are fixed and determinable according to the specific contract, with periodic price adjustments.

Turnover is recognised as follows:

The Fuels business also develops, implements and manages the group’s international business ventures based on Sasol’s proprietary gas-to-liquids (GTL) technology. Sasol holds 49% in ORYX GTL in Qatar.

Chemicals Business

Chemical products are grouped into Advanced Materials, Base Chemicals, Essential Care Chemicals and Performance Solutions.

The Chemicals Businesses sell the majority of their products under contracts at prices determinable from such agreements. Turnover is recognised in accordance with the related contract terms, at the point at which control transfers to the customer and prices are determinable and collectability is probable.

The point of delivery is determined in accordance with the contractual agreements entered into with customers which are as follows:

Corporate Centre

The Corporate Centre includes head office and centralised treasury operations.