Revenue recognition policies, general and by segment, mining, energy, chemicals, exchanges

Sasol Limited – Annual report – 30 June 2019

Industry: oil and gas, mining

1 Statement of compliance (extract)
Accounting standards, interpretations and amendments to published accounting standards (extract)
IFRS 15 ‘Revenue from contracts with customers’
Under IFRS 15, revenue from contracts with customers is recognised when a performance obligation is satisfied by transferring promised goods or services to customers. Goods or services are transferred when the customer obtains control of the goods or services. The transfer of control of Sasol’s energy and chemical products usually coincides with title passing to the customer and the customer taking physical possession, with the group’s performance obligations primarily satisfied at a point in time. Amounts of revenue recognised relating to performance obligations over time are not significant. The accounting for revenue under IFRS 15 therefore represents an inconsequential change from the group’s previous practice for recognising revenue from sales with customers, and therefore no transition adjustment is presented.

An analysis of revenue from contracts with customers by product is presented on note 2. Amounts presented for comparative periods include revenues determined in accordance with the group’s previous accounting policies, but the differences are inconsequential.

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  • Sale of goods (2018 – R178 463 million; 2017 – R169 115 million), services rendered (2018 – R1 612 million; 2017 – R1 549 million) and other trading income (2018 – R1 386 million; 2017 – R1 743 million).
    ** Phenolics, Ammonia and Speciality Gases.
    *** Relate to the Exploration and Production International and Energy segments.
    **** Other includes revenue in relation to different insignificant performance obligations mainly for the Energy and Performance Chemicals segments

Accounting policies: (extract)
IFRS 15 applicable in 2019:
Revenue from contracts with customers is recognised when the control of goods or services has transferred to the customer through the satisfaction of a performance obligation. Group performance obligations are satisfied at a point in time and over time, however the group mainly satisfies its performance obligations at a point in time.

Revenue recognised reflects the consideration that the group expects to be entitled to for each distinct performance obligation after deducting indirect taxes, rebates and trade discounts and consists primarily of the sale of oil, natural gas and chemical products, services rendered, license fees and royalties. The group allocates revenue based on stand-alone selling price.

The group enters into exchange agreements with the same counterparties for the purchase and sale of inventory that are entered into in contemplation of one another. When the items exchanged are similar in nature, these transactions are combined and accounted for as a single exchange transaction. The exchange is recognised at the carrying amount of the inventory transferred.

Revenue from arrangements that are not considered contracts with customers, mainly pertaining to franchise rentals, use of fuel tanks and fuel storage, is presented as revenue from other contracts.

The period between the transfer of the goods and services to the customer and the payment by the customer does not exceed 12 months and the group does not adjust for time value of money.

For further information on revenue recognition, refer to Segment information on pages 58 to 59.

Reporting segments (extract)
The group has six main reportable segments that reflects the structure used by the Joint Presidents and Chief Executive Officers to make key operating decisions and assess performance. The group’s reportable segments are operating segments that are differentiated by the activities that each undertakes and the products they manufacture and market (referred to as business segments). The group evaluates the performance of its reportable segments based on earnings before interest and tax (EBIT).

The operating model structure reflects how the results are reported to the Chief Operating Decision Maker (CODM). The CODM for Sasol are the Joint Presidents and Chief Executive Officers.

Operating business units
Mining
Mining is responsible for securing coal feedstock for the Southern African value chain, mainly for gasification, but also to generate electricity and steam. Coal is sold for gasification and utility purposes to Secunda Synfuels, for utility purposes to Sasolburg Operations; and to third parties in the export market.

Mining sells coal under both long- and short-term contracts at a price determinable from the agreements. Turnover is recognised upon delivery of the coal to the customer, which, in accordance with the related contract terms is the point at which the control passes to the customer. Prices are fixed or determinable and collectability is probable.

The date of delivery related to Mining is determined in accordance with the contractual agreements entered into with customers.

These are summarised as follows:

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The related costs of sales are recognised in the same period as the supply of the coal and include any shipping and handling costs incurred. All inter-segment sales are conducted at market related prices.

Exploration and Production International
Exploration and Production International (E&PI) develops and manages the group’s upstream interests in oil and gas exploration and production in Mozambique, South Africa, Canada and Gabon.

E&PI sells Mozambican gas under long-term contracts to both Sasol and external customers, condensate on short-term contracts and Canadian gas into the market at spot prices. Oil is sold to customers under annual contracts. Turnover is recognised upon delivery to the customer, which, in accordance with the related contract terms is the point at which control passes to the customer. Prices are determinable from the agreements and on the open market.

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Strategic business units
Performance Chemicals
Performance Chemicals markets commodity and differentiated performance chemicals. The key product lines are organics, waxes and advanced materials. These are produced in various Sasol production facilities around the world.

Base Chemicals
Base Chemicals markets commodity chemicals based on the group’s upstream Fischer-Tropsch, ethylene, propylene and ammonia value chains. The key product lines are polymers, solvents and ammonia-based explosives and fertilisers. These are produced in various Sasol production facilities around the world.

The Base and Performance Chemicals businesses sell the majority of their products under contracts at prices determinable from such agreements. Turnover is recognised upon delivery which, in accordance with the related contract terms, is the point at which control transfer to the customer. Prices are determinable and collectability is probable.

The point of delivery is determined in accordance with the contractual agreements entered into with customers which are as follows:

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Energy
Energy is responsible for the sales and marketing of liquid fuels, pipeline gas and electricity. In South Africa, Energy sells approximately nine billion liters of liquid fuels annually, blended from fuel components produced by the Secunda Synfuels operations, crude oil refined at Natref, as well as some products purchased from other refiners. Energy markets approximately 55 billion standard cubic feet (bscf) of natural and methane-rich gas a year.

Energy sells liquid fuel products under both short- and long-term agreements for both retail sales and commercial sales, including sales to other oil companies. The prices for retail sales are regulated and fixed by South African law. For commercial sales and sales to other oil companies, the prices are fixed and determinable according to the specific contract, with periodic price adjustments.

Turnover for the supply of fuel is based on measurement through a flow-meter into customers’ tanks. Turnover is derived from the sale of goods produced by the operating facilities and is recognised when, in accordance with the related contract terms, control passes to the customer. Prices are fixed or determinable and collectability is probable. Shipping and handling costs are included in turnover when billed to customers in conjunction with the sale of the products. Turnover is also derived from the rendering of engineering services to external partners in joint ventures upon the proof of completion of the service.

Gas is sold under long-term contracts at a price determinable from the supply agreements in accordance with the pricing methodology used by the National Energy Regulator of South Africa (NERSA). Gas analysis and tests of the specifications and content are performed prior to delivery.

Turnover is recognised under the following arrangements:

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The Energy business also develops, implements and manages the group’s international business ventures based on Sasol’s proprietary gas-to-liquids (GTL) technology. Sasol holds 49% in ORYX GTL in Qatar, and an indirect 10% share in Escravos GTL in Nigeria.

Group Functions
Group Functions includes head office and centralised treasury operations.