Equinor ASA – Annual report – 31 December 2020
Industry: oil and gas
Equinor’s operations are managed through the following operating segments (business areas): Development & Production Norway (DPN), Development & Production International (DPI), Development & Production Brazil (DPB), Development & Production USA (DPUSA), Marketing, Midstream & Processing (MMP), New Energy Solutions (NES), Technology, Projects & Drilling (TPD), Exploration (EXP) and Global Strategy & Business Development (GSB).
The development and production business areas are responsible for the commercial development of the oil and gas portfolios within their respective geographical areas: DPN on the Norwegian continental shelf, DPB in Brazil, DPUSA in USA and DPI worldwide outside of DPN, DPB and DPUSA.
Exploration activities are managed by the EXP business area, which has the global responsibility across the group for discovery and appraisal of new resources. Exploration activities are allocated to and presented in the respective development and production business areas.
TPD is responsible for the global project portfolio, well delivery, new technology and sourcing across Equinor. The activities are allocated and presented in the respective business areas receiving the deliveries.
The MMP business area is responsible for marketing and trading of oil and gas commodities (crude, condensate, gas liquids, products, natural gas and liquified natural gas), electricity and emission rights, as well as transportation, processing and manufacturing of the above-mentioned commodities, operations of refineries, terminals and processing – and power plants and low carbon solutions including carbon capture and storage which was previously the responsibility of the NES business area.
The NES business area is responsible for wind parks and other renewable energy solutions.
The business areas DPI and DPB are aggregated into the reporting segment Exploration & Production International (E&P International). The aggregation has its basis in similar economic characteristics, such as similar revenue growth, net operating income, the assets’ long-term and capital-intensive nature and exposure to volatile oil and gas commodity prices, the nature of products, service and production processes, the type and class of customers, the methods of distribution and regulatory environment. The reporting segments Exploration & Production Norway (E&P Norway), Exploration & Production USA (E&P USA) and MMP consists of the business areas DPN, DPUSA and MMP respectively. The business areas NES, GSB, TPD, EXP and corporate staffs and support functions are aggregated into the reporting segment “Other” due to the immateriality of these areas. The majority of costs within the business areas GSB, TPD and EXP are allocated to the E&P International, E&P Norway, E&P USA and MMP reporting segments.
As from the second quarter of 2020, Equinor changed its internal reporting to management (CEC), impacting the composition of Equinor’s operating and reporting segments. Equinor’s upstream activities in the USA is from the second quarter reported separately to management. The fact that such information is also considered to be valuable for the users of the financial statements, resulted in the exploration and production activities in the USA as of the second quarter of 2020 were considered a separate operating- and reporting segment. Previously these activities were included in the DPI operating segment and presented as part of the E&P International reporting segment. The new structure has been reflected retrospectively with restated comparable figures.
Inter-segment sales and related unrealised profits, mainly from the sale of crude oil and products, are eliminated in the Eliminations column below. Inter-segment revenues are based upon estimated market prices.
Segment data for the years ended 31 December 2020, 2019 and 2018 are presented below. The measurement basis of segment profit is net operating income/(loss). In the tables below, deferred tax assets, pension assets and non-current financial assets are not allocated to the segments.
The measurement basis for segments is IFRS as applied by the group with the exception of IFRS 16 Leases and the line item Additions to property, plant and equipment (PP&E), intangibles and equity accounted investments. All IFRS 16 leases are presented within the Other segment. The lease costs for the period are allocated to the different segments based on underlying lease payments, with a corresponding credit in the Other segment. Lease costs allocated to licence partners are recognised as other revenue in the Other segment. Additions to PP&E, intangible assets and equity accounted investments in the E&P and MMP segments include the period’s allocated lease costs related to activity being capitalised with a corresponding negative addition in the Other segment. The line item Additions to property, plant and equipment (PP&E), intangibles and equity accounted investments excludes movements related to changes in asset retirement obligations.
Most of the renewable assets in Equinor Group are accounted for using the equity method and the results are presented in the Other reporting segment. The net income from the equity accounted investments within the operating segment NES was USD 163 million in the full year 2020, USD 95 million in 2019 and USD 234 million in 2018.
See note 4 Acquisitions and disposals for information on transactions that affect the different segments.
See note 10 Property, plant and equipment for further information on impairment losses and impairment reversals that affect the different segments.
See note 11 Intangible assets for information on impairment losses and impairment reversals that affect the different segments.
See note 23 Other commitments, contingent liabilities and contingent assets for information on contingencies that affect the segments.
Revenues from contracts with customers by geographical areas
Equinor has business operations in more than 30 countries. When attributing the line item Revenues third party, other revenue and other income to the country of the legal entity executing the sale for 2020, Norway constitutes 80% and USA constitutes 14%. For 2019 the revenues to Norway and USA constituted 75% and 18% respectively, and for 2018 75% and 18% respectively.
Non-current assets by country
1) Excluding deferred tax assets, pension assets and non-current financial assets.
Revenues from contracts with customers and other revenues
1) Retrospectively applied the disaggregation of Natural gas revenues in the 2018 financial statements.
2) Retrospectively reclassified Physically settled commodity derivatives to Total other revenues, previously presented as Natural gas revenue included in Total revenues from contracts with customers in the 2018 financial statements.