Disclosure of vertically integrated operations, aggregation of segments and reasons

 Equinor ASA – Annual report – 31 December 2018

Industry: oil and gas

3 Segments

Equinor’s operations are managed through the following business areas: Development & Production Norway (DPN), Development & Production Brazil (DPB), Development & Production International (DPI), Marketing, Midstream & Processing (MMP), New Energy Solutions (NES), Technology, Projects & Drilling (TPD), Exploration (EXP) and Global Strategy & Business Development (GSB). With effect from the third quarter 2018 DPB was established as a separate business area and former Development and Production USA (DPUSA) was included in DPI. These changes have no effect on the reporting segments.

The development and production business areas are responsible for the commercial development of the oil and gas portfolios within their respective geographical areas: DPN on the Norwegian continental shelf, DPB in Brazil and DPI worldwide outside of DPN and DPB.

Exploration activities are managed by a separate business area, which has the global responsibility across the group for discovery and appraisal of new resources. Exploration activities are allocated to and presented in the respective development and production business areas.

TPD is responsible for the global project portfolio, well delivery, new technology and sourcing across Equinor. The activities are allocated and presented in the respective business areas receiving the deliveries.

The MMP business area is responsible for marketing and trading of oil and gas commodities (crude, condensate, gas liquids, products, natural gas and liquefied natural gas), electricity and emission rights, as well as transportation, processing and manufacturing of the above-mentioned commodities, operations of refineries, terminals, processing and power plants.

The NES business area is responsible for wind parks, carbon capture and storage as well as other renewable energy and low-carbon energy solutions.

The business areas DPI and DPB are aggregated into the reporting segment Exploration & Production International (E&P International). The aggregation has its basis in similar economic characteristics, such as the assets’ long term and capital-intensive nature and exposure to volatile oil and gas commodity prices, the nature of products, service and production processes, the type and class of customers, the methods of distribution and regulatory environment. The reporting segments Exploration & Production Norway (E&P Norway) and MMP consists of the business areas DPN and MMP respectively. The business areas NES, GSB, TPD, EXP and corporate staffs and support functions are aggregated into the reporting segment “Other” due to the immateriality of these areas. The majority of costs within the business areas GSB, TPD and EXP are allocated to the E&P International, E&P Norway and MMP reporting segments.

The eliminations section includes the elimination of inter-segment sales and related unrealised profits, mainly from the sale of crude oil and products. Inter-segment revenues are based upon estimated market prices.

Segment data for the years ended 31 December 2018, 2017 and 2016 are presented below. The measurement basis of segment profit is net operating income/(loss). In the tables below, deferred tax assets, pension assets and non-current financial assets are not allocated to the segments. The line additions to PP&E, intangibles and equity accounted investments are excluding movements due to changes in asset retirement obligations.



1) Parts of the gas transportation costs that previously were allocated to MMP and therefore deducted from the inter segment transfer price, are from 1 January 2017 allocated to E&P Norway.


See note 4 Acquisitions and disposals for information on transactions that affect the different segments.

See note 10 Property, plant and equipment for further information on impairment losses and impairment reversals that affect the different segments.

See note 11 Intangible assets for information on impairment losses and impairment reversals that affect the different segments.

See note 24 Other commitments, contingent liabilities and contingent assets for information on contingencies that affect the segments.

Revenues from contracts with customers by geographical areas

Equinor has business operations in more than 30 countries. When attributing revenues from contracts with customers to the country of the legal entity executing the sale, Norway constitutes 75% and the US constitutes 18%.


1) Excluding deferred tax assets, pension assets and non-current financial assets.


For 2017 and 2016, the transportation element included in sales transactions with customers are included in Crude Oil, Refined Products and Natural Gas Liquids. Other transportation was included in other sales. In 2018 these elements are included in Transportation. The elements included in Total other revenues were for 2017 and 2016 included in other sales.

The changes are due to implementation of IFRS15, see note 27 Changes in accounting policies.